1870-80's




March 1870: 

The Great Wheal and North Clunes Extension companies are at a standstill, owing to the great depression in the mining market.  The shallow alluvial workings through the division are on the whole unproductive, from the want of water to wash stuff, heaps of wash dirt being collected in various parts waiting for a supply of water.



March 1870: 

Mt Glasgow and Swamp Companies: The Great Northern Co., at Merin-Merin Swamp, have powerful machinery completed.  The Great Wheal and North Clunes Extension companies are at a standstill, owing to the great  depression in the mining market.



June 1870: 

Emu Diggings: Waterloo Co., Blucher’s Reef, crushing plant not yet housed in.



June 1870: 

Hoffnung Co. in prosperous state, Union Co. to the north and Nichol’s Freehold to the south. Rose Co. let on tribute. Potosi Co. not yet struck the gutter, so far spent £9,000. The Gladstone Co. have completed and started two engines.



September 1870:

Emu Diggings: Waterloo Company on Blucher’s Reef let on tribute, their excellent battery



September 1870:

Mt Glasgow and Swamp Companies: Annuities Quartz claim at Mt Glasgow Reef has struck lode 23 feet thick, company propose erecting battery near the mine to save expense of cartage to Clunes.



September 1870:

Arrangements to let the Victoria battery on tribute, so that good returns may be looked for from White-horse Reef.



September 1870:

Scandinavian Lead - The Brunswick Co. have just completed the erection of a winding engine.



September 1870:

Himalaya Co. at the Big Reef, near Amherst which yields 9dwtas per ton ... company needs capital to erect steam machinery.



September 1870:

Alluvial mining - a large decrease in the numbers of miners on the old shallow workings, which now appear to be nearly deserted. If these old goldfields were supplied with a continuous amount of water we should have sluicing employment for a great length of time.



December 1870:

Emu Diggings: Quartz mining in this division does not appear to be well understood, or we should have valuable lodes like Blucher’s, White Horse, and the Big Reefs, which are known to yield good payable returns, standing idle.



December 1870:

Sadowa, 1,381 oz, Brunswick, 580 oz.



December 1870:

Quartz mining in this division does not appear to be well understood, or we should have valuable lodes like Blucher’s, White Horse, and the Big Reefs, which are known to yield good payable returns, standing idle.



December 1870:

Quartz mining in this division does not appear to be well understood, or we should have valuable lodes like Blucher’s, White Horse, and the Big Reefs, which are known to yield good payable returns, standing idle.



December 1870:

Quartz mining in this division does not appear to be well understood, or we should have valuable lodes like Blucher’s, White Horse, and the Big Reefs, which are known to yield good payable returns, standing idle.



December 1870:

Alluvial mining in the deep ground has disappointed our expectations. It was thought that Mount Greenock Lead, when found, would give good results; but after the expenditure of more than £20,000 in the Potosi and Gladstone claims, the aforesaid lead has been found worthless in the parts worked, so that we have nothing but the subsidiary leads to depend upon in alluvial mining. Nichol’s Freehold, Union, and Hoffnung claims produced respectively 1,296 oz, 676 oz and 331oz.



December 1870:

Alluvial mining in the deep ground has disappointed our expectations. It was thought that Mount Greenock Lead, when found, would give good results; but after the expenditure of more than £20,000 in the Potosi and Gladstone claims, the aforesaid lead has been found worthless in the parts worked, so that we have nothing but the subsidiary leads to depend upon in alluvial mining. Nichol’s Freehold, Union, and Hoffnung claims produced respectively 1,296 oz, 676 oz and 331oz.



March 1871: 

Emu Diggings: The Nuggetty Co., at Emu, have just completed a battery of eight stamps on the claim.



March 1871: 

Mt Glasgow and Swamp Companies: Annuities Co., at Mt Glasgow, bids fair to be a first-class claim ... The company are now erecting a crushing machine on the margin of the Middle Swamp, about 1-1/2miles distant from the claim, which will be connected by a tramway ... The battery will is a 12-head revolving one.



June 1871: 

The reservoir and races of Messrs Stewart and Farnsworth: Reservoir . ...................... Cost  £4,500

Eleven miles of head races, capable of carrying seventy sluice heads of water, at 20s. per chain  ............ Cost  £880

Eight five miles of supply races, capable of carrying twenty sluice-heads, at 7s 6d per chain .................... Cost  £2,550

One hundred and fifty miles of distribution races, about 50 miles of which are now in use, and about 100 miles which can be brought into use if required; the whole is valued at about 2s. per chain .................... Cost  £1200

About 100 miles of distribution races which Mr. Stewart considers as abandoned.  ......................... Nil.



September 1871:

Alluvial mining - There is a falling off in the numbers employed, and also total yield of gold. This is owing to our shallow workings being nearly exhausted, which will not give a living except for sluicing with hose and high pressure of water; therefore, all those miners who have been in the position to move have departed for other goldfields, those left behind being, for the most part, married men with families, and who have blocks of ground under the recent Land Acts.  The reservoir and races of Messrs Stewart and Farnsworth will be the same as my former returns.



September 1871:

Nichol’s Freehold, 659 oz.; Union Co., 358 oz.



September 1871:

Sadowa, 934 oz; Band of Hope Cockatoo, 542 oz; and Brunswick Co., 466 oz.



September 1871:

Forbach Co., on White Horse Reef, nearly ready to commence mining at 270 feet.



December 1871:

Sadowa, 657 oz. Band of Hope at Cockatoo, 555 oz.



December 1871:

Mt Glasgow and Swamp Companies: the Annuities Co., Mount Glasgow, has disappointed shareholders.



December 1871:  

The construction of reservoir, length and cost of water races, will be the same as for September quarter (last return), viz. £9,130. The following is the distribution for



December 1871 –

six sluicing parties, two sluice heads each, at 40s. per week, for 12 weeks, £144, and five puddling machines, one sluice head each, at 20s. per week, £60.



March 1872: 

Union and Hoffnung companies continue to work profitably. The alluvial ground on the south side of the Mount spreads over too large a space to be worked with profit. Nicholl’s Freehold has ceased working for this cause, and their fine plant, which cost about £5000, is being sold and removed.



March 1872: 

Forbach Company, in Amherst, have collapsed for want of means to carry on the works, not withstanding a first-class crushing and winding plant on the ground.



June 1872: 

Laura Reef (Croyden Co-operative Company) has had an average yield of above 6dwts to the ton, with a lode 16 feet in thickness ... the lode has been worked for about 12

years.



June 1872: 

Sadow Co. (Talbot Tribute Co.) returns of 679 oz. New Band of Hope (Cockatoo) 627 oz. Lease No. 776 (Golden Gate) have sunk a shaft and found deeper ground than any yet worked on Rocky Flat



June 1872: 

Golden Gate have sunk a shaft and found deeper ground than any yet worked on Rocky Flat, wash-dirt being at 161 feet, which gave 1/2oz. to load. If the lead proves to be valuable, we shall have a first-class mining field all through the plains, which may be many miles in length.



September 1872:

Laura reef has produced a greater amount of stone with a larger average yield than formerly. The mine has an immense amount of stone, being more like a quarry than a quartz lode for quantity.



September 1872:

Emu Diggings: Nuggetty Reef (Bluchers) will have the water pumped from the mine, when the extraction of the stone will commence.



December 1872:

The large companies are all let on tribute at from 12 to 25 per cent. on the gross yield. The result is that if any mishap occurs, the tributers throw the mine into the hands of the owners to the injury of the plant and drives.



December 1872:

Prince Alfred Reef has produced les than 10ozs. per ton for the first time since the mine has been opened.



December 1872:

Blucher’s Reef is gain taken up as an extended claim.



December 1872:

Steam machinery is now almost complete on Mia Mia Reef.



September 1873:

Mia Mia Reef has turned out a complete failure. The company has now collapsed, after expending about £3000.



March 1874: 

Mining in general has been exceedingly dull.



June 1874: 

Tara’s Hall claim, situate on the continuation of Daisy Hill Lead, has commenced puddling with encouraging prospects.



June 1874: 

Laura Reef has given slightly improved yields, will give good wages to the men employed.



June 1874: 

Prince of Wales lode gives good wages, men are now down to water level, when pumping engine, which is now being erected on lease No. 1765, is in working condition, yields should improve.



September 1874:

A new company has been formed to work Nicholl’s Freehold, about 1-1/2miles south of the Mount.



September 1874:

Some of the puddling parties in the neighbourhood of Amherst have been very successful during the last three months. One party states they have made more wages during that period than for fourteen years previous.



September 1874:

Prince of Wales Reef: Claimholders on the reef have sunk a shaft to 130 feet, permanent plant of 20hp is in the course of erection.



December 1874:

Scandinavian Lead - Band of Hope company has collapsed, reformed under the title Narrigal G. M. Co.



March 1875:

Hoffnung Co. employs 21 men, produced 660 oz.



March 1875: 

Scandinavian Lead -The New Greenock Park Tribute Co., Rocky Flat, have entirely suspended operations.



March 1875: 

A new battery of 12 stamps in Browns Gully, near Lexton, is expected to commence in second week of April.



June 1875: 

Scandinavian Lead -The Narrigal and Prince of Wales companies have ceased work and their plants are for sale.



June 1875: 

The alluvial mines were never in a more depressed state than at the present time. The Narrigal and Prince of Wales companies have entirely ceased working, and the plants are offered for sale. All the miners who are in a position to move are leaving the locality. On the other hand, Nicholl’s Freehold are now engaged in the erection of steam machinery on the south side of their claim, and have the means of all the Crown lands in the south applied for under mining lease.



December 1875:

The Prince of Wales Company have completed a battery of eight stamps, but the first and only crushing did not come up to their expectations.



1876: 

Prince of Wales Reef - Lubie and party worked claim in 1876.  1/2 oz to the ton, up to 1 oz per ton.  Perseverance United Co. held 10-acre lease, just north of Lubie’s.  Main shaft 225 ft deep.  (Records of Geological Survey, Vol III, part 2, 1912).



March 1876: 

Norfolk Gully, Stoney Creek, Parish of Amherst - 1000 men. Sinking through alluvial drift but will dip under basalt at the southern end, probably be branch of Mt. Greenock Lead, which is about 2 miles distant, in an easterly direction.



June 1876: 

Lexton Reef: The Warrior Claim, near Lexton has improved, company will keep their 12-head battery working continuously.



September 1876:

Tara’s Hall Co. (alluvial) also shows an increased yield.



September 1876:

The reefing operations of at Brown Gully, near Lexton, have turned out a failure, an excellent plant of 12-stamps for sale.



September 1876:

Norfolk Gully Rush has dwindled, instead of 300 men now only 10 men at work.



September 1876:

Hoffnung Co. still keeps up an excellent yield per ton of wash dirt.



December 1876:

Nichol’s Freehold completed their plant.



December 1876:

Scandinavian Lead -Golden Gate Co. completed their shaft.  The machinery from the Sadowa Co. and from the Greenock Park Co., valued at £5000, has been removed to the neighbourhood of Creswick.



1877: 

Prince of Wales Reef - Lubie claim purchased by Perseverance United Co.  (Records of Geological Survey, Vol III, part 2, 1912).



March 1877: 

Scandinavian Lead -Golden Gate Co. and United Miners Co., Rocky Flat, have both bottomed their shafts.



June 1877: 

A great falling off in alluvial mining during the quarter owing to lack of water. The reservoir is under repair.



September 1877:

Hoffman Gold Mining Co., Mount Greenock, produced 404 oz, employed 20 men.



December 1877:

Golden Gate Co., Rocky Flat, has mastered the water from the Sadowa old workings.



March 1878: 

The Golden Gate Co. burst their boiler and has stopped for want of funds.



June 1878: 

Churchill Co. and Prince of Wales Reef have suspended operations. In alluvial mining there is little doing.



July 1878: 

Prince of Wales Reef - Perseverance United Co. yielding up to 10 dwt per ton. (Records of Geological Survey, Vol III, part 2, 1912).



December 1878:

Union Quartz Mining Co., Church Hill, sinking new shaft to depth of 180 feet and erecting new steam machinery.



1879: 

Prince of Wales Reef - Dehnert & party had tribute on Perseverance mine.  Worked just south of Perseverance shaft, for 10-15 dwt per ton.  Last crushing 4 dwt per ton. (Records of Geological Survey, Vol III, part 2, 1912).



September 1879:

Union Quartz Mining Co., Church Hill, crushed 86 tons for 260ozs. of gold.



September 1879:

Union Gold Mining Co., Mount Greenock, produced 753ozs. of gold during the quarter. Mount Greenock Extended Co. is progressing fast.

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